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Open Data

Brief of National Data Sharing & Accessibility Policy (NDSAP):

The Union Government through Ministry of Science and Technology has formulated the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), while Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) is the nodal Ministry to implement the policy.

The Department of Science and Technology under Ministry of Science and Technology has formulated the NDSAP throughclose collaboration with other line Ministries and MeitY by creating “data.gov.in” through National Informatics Centre (NIC). The NDSAP had identified MeitY as the nodal Ministry for the implementation of the policy through NIC, while Department of Science and Technology continues to be the nodal department on policy matters. The policy was notified by the Department of Science and Technology (Govt. of India Gazette dated 17th March 2012).

For more details on NDSAP, please go to https://data.gov.in/sites/default/files/NDSAP.pdf[PDF]0 bytes

Brief of Open Government Data (OGD) Platform:

In pursuance of the NDSAP- Policy notified by Government of India in March 2012, MeitY through NIC has set up the Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India - https://data.gov.in/ to provide open access by proactive release of the data available with various ministries/ departments/ organizations of Government of India.

OGD Platform is now available as Software as a Service (SaaS) model. It is envisaged that Ministries/Departments would release datasets on proactive/auto consumption basis through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)/Web Services i.e. in line with the principles of Open by Default from all e-Government Service Applications particularly from Digital India initiative of the Government.

Brief of Open Government Data (OGD) License- India:

Further, Open Government Data License of India has been recently approved to ensure that the data sets released are not misused or misinterpreted (for example, by insisting on proper attribution), and that all users have the same and permanent right to use the data.

For more details on OGD License- India, please click on the following

Main objectives of OGD are:

i) Provisioning an enabling Platform to provide proactive and open access to the data generated through public funds by departments/ organizations of Government of India.

ii) To increase Transparency, Accountability, Citizen Engagement, Collaboration, Better Governance, Decision making & Innovation. iii) Paradigm Shift in Governance – Direct Delivery of Services to Citizen, Setting up a Platform for Collaboration, Innovation in delivery of Services to Citizen.

Main features of OGD platform include Single point access to open datasets, Responsive Web Layout design, Enhanced Visualization Platform, Better User Experience and efficient discoverability of resources, Cataloging of Similar resources, APIs, Embedding Catalogs, Widgets to share filtered set of catalogs, Catalogs Subscription, Community participation through Forums, Blogs, Infographics and Visualizaion and much more.

For implementation guidelines of OGD, please go to : https://data.gov.in/sites/default/files/NDSAP%20Implementation%20Guidelines%202.4.pdf[PDF]0 bytes

For more details on OGD Platform, please click on the following

Fig: Overview of OGD India Platform.

Few States are contributing data directly on data.gov.in. Sikkim is the first State with its own Data Portal (https://sikkim.data.gov.in/ ), which was launched on 10th June, 2016. The Open Government Data Portal of the Surat Municipal Corporation (https://surat.data.gov.in/) was launched on 23rd October, 2016. Some States have published datasets on OGD Platform.

‘Open Data Champion’ category in the Web Ratna Awards of NIC has been introduced since 2014 to motivate departments to publish open datasets.