Internet Governance, broadly defined, is the development and application by Governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet. It covers activities such as development and coordination of technical standards, operation of critical infrastructure and public policy issues.
Conceptually Internet Governance includes following layers
- Physical Infrastructure layer
- Code or Logical layer
- Content layer
Internet Governance involves Internet Protocol Addressing
(IP Addressing), Domain Name System (DNS), Routing, Technical Innovations, Standardization, Security, Public Policy, Privacy, Legal Issues, Cyber Norms, Intellectual Property and taxation
Our Approach: India supports a multi-stakeholder approach in matters on Internet Governance. On matters relating to national security, Government will continue to have supreme right and control. India’s strength in the sector is its industry and human resource which can be leveraged in a multi-stakeholder approach. Multi-stakeholder approach will also align with our investment strategy for Digital India and will help India in participation in the multi-billion dollar business opportunity of Internet industry.
Responsibility of Internet Governance Division of MeitY includes representation of India’s Public Policy Concerns on global platform, Awareness on Internet Governance, Encouraging greater participation in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Working groups and Engagement with Internet Society (ISOC), Promotion of Multistakeholder model of Internet Governance within India, strengthening internet Internet Infrastructure of the country etc. Meity is also looking after issues related to Universal Acceptance and IDNs.
Engagement in International Forums/Meetings: MeitY continues to engage/participate in Several Global meetings like Internet Governance Forum (IGF), Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre meetings (APNIC) etc.
Submission of India to various international forums/discussions can be accessed at www.indiaig.in
Engagement with ICANN: MeitY is closely monitoring all the activity of ICANN and participating through GAC (Governmental Advisory Committee) and other public engagement. The GAC's key role is to provide advice to ICANN on issues of public policy especially where there may be an interaction between ICANN's activities or policies and national laws or international agreements.
Multistakeholder Consultations: India has supported for multi-stakeholder model of Internet Governance Mechanisms, which would involve all stakeholders and help to preserve the character of the Internet as a unified, dynamic engine for innovation, and which encourage equity and inclusion. A series of Multistakeholder consultations/ roundtable meetings are being organized by Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology in collaboration with National Internet Exchange of India. This Multistakeholder Consultation is open to all stakeholders. Any interested stakeholder may participate in such consultation. More information on participation may be found at www.indiaig.in
The Research, Development and awareness projects that are being undertaken by the Internet Governance Division, MeitY are as follows:
I. An Ecosystem for Active Participation in Internet Standard Organizations implementing by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC), Bangalore:
The primary objective is to get involved in the process of Internet Standard development by developing internal competencies and propose & contribute to select areas of Internet Security. Create and foster focus groups to work on specific technical issues of interest concerning Internet Standards, propose new standards and contribute to ongoing drafts in areas related to Internet Security, Engage with academic community (students and faculty), industry and civil society for their participation and contributions towards the Internet organizations, Scholarships & fellowships for deserving candidates to encourage participation in IETF activities, Prepare for conduction of an IETF or similar such meetings in India in future.
Implementing agency is contributing to ongoing drafts like tls, uta, tokbind, ace, oauth, secevent and initiated new draft Digital Tokens. Fellowships are being provided to the selected candidates for participation in IETF. Awareness and expert meeting are being conducted.
II. Internet Research & Policy Hub- Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi
The Centre for Communication Governance (CCG) aims to direct its research expertise at filling the knowledge gaps in internet policy clusters identified by the 2014 UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) mapping report, with a view to build capacity and inform policymaking among Indian stakeholders.
III. “Activities related to India Internet Governance Forum (IIGF)” carried out by the National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)
The major objectives include:
a) To provide a space for multi-stakeholder dialogue between Governments, the private sector, the technical community, academia and civil society organizations on the issues related to Internet and Internet based services/applications;
b) To inform the India's stakeholders on the issues and trends observed in the debates and discussions of the global IGF;
c) To consolidate India's views and initiatives on the issues of concern for Internet Proliferation and its Governance that could be highlighted in the Internet Governance Forum meetings;
d) To arrive at national strategies and action plan for proliferation and governance of Internet and Internet based services in the country;
e) To deliberate on policy areas vis-à-vis Internet for Governance and inclusive development
IV. “MEITY Chair for Internet Policy: Value, Security and Governance” implementing by Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER).
The objective is to provide MEITY with evidence based research that will build capacity for India’s participation in multiple international fora while strengthening domestic policy. The research and related activities will be conducted under three broad themes
a) Assessing the value generated by the Internet
b) Enabling a secure and open Internet
c) Developing a framework for Internet governance
The following research papers and Policy Brief are being prepared:
a) India’s Domain Name Market.
b) Data Flows and Data Localization: An Economic Analysis.
c) Policy Brief on .in ccTLD.
Web-Portal on Internet Policy www.internetpolicy.in is developed. News digest (updated fortnightly) and other content are uploaded in this portal.