- CoE on E-waste: C-MET, Hyderabad has been actively engaged in the E-waste related research area for the past 10 years and already established environmental friendly e-waste recycling processes of spent Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) at pilot plant scale. In addition, C-MET has also established strong association with industries working in similar lines for further scaling up of the processes. The purpose of establishing Centre of Excellence (CoE) in E-waste Management is to create physical infrastructure and knowledge hub for the development of cost-effective indigenous technology for E-waste recycling and dissemination of E-waste solutions from dismantling to recycling to precious metal separation in collaboration with Government, Industries, and academia. This will enable the empowerment of informal E-waste recyclers in the country, safe disposal of end of life electrical and electronic devices, recovery of precious metals from E-waste, strengthening of current engineering ecosystem to improve the process efficiency, vanquish the export of PCB boards, safe recovery of precious metals and thereby huge savings on foreign currency, dissemination of knowledge base for human resource development, Skill development for prosperous entrepreneurs, and nurturing of start-ups. First year progress of the CoE involves launching of M. Tech program on E-waste in IIT, Hyderabad; recycling of Li-ion battery and un-shredded mobile mother board, extraction of Rare Earth materials from permanent magnet; and launching of Grand Challenge on E-waste management.
- CoE on Rechargeable Battery Technology (Pre-cell): Lithium Ion batteries are ideal power source for consumer electronics, e-mobility and power sectors. These batteries are also expected to find niche applications in e-governance electronics such as VVPAT machines. Current energy storage market in India includes applications such as mobile handsets and their accessories, solar rooftop, grid solar integration, wind integration, electric vehicles, inverter back-ups, telecom, UPS, rural micro-grid and off-grid applications, diesel replacement, railways etc. India has vibrant Lead Acid battery manufacturing industry and needs to augment Li-ion battery cell manufacturing to meet current and future demands of energy storage. India primarily imports Li-ion cells and manufactures battery packs of different capacity for various applications. Government support in form of R&D funding for development of cost-effective end-to-end indigenous technology for manufacturing of rechargeable battery (Li-ion and post lithium) suited for Indian environment is vital for meeting the future demands. The support for R&D is expected to lower up-front investment cost, utilize Indian supply chain, improve profit margin and bring SMEs into play for manufacturing industrial units of rechargeable battery cell manufacturing eco-system. In this direction, MeitY has recently initiated a Centre of Excellence (CoE) on Rechargeable Battery Technology (Pre-cell) at CMET for scale up and transfer of indigenous technology on Lithium ion battery and Sodium ion battery (post lithium) to Indian SMEs for manufacturing of battery cells. The CoE has now completed SME business plans for its indigenous technology showing profitability under current market conditions, provided paid services to 20 industries, achieved breakthrough in electrode manufacturing to reduce investment and running cost. CoE will create at least 25 start-ups in next five years in collaboration with its industrial partners.
- CoE on Additive Manufacturing- Optoelectronics Sector: Additive Manufacturing (AM) is disruptive set of technologies which are bringing fundamental change in how manufacturing is carried out in many sectors due to its ability for mass customization. AM is enabler for digital manufacturing which has capability in producing products directly from design data by adding layers of material to obtain the final shape with minimal waste, supporting Industry 4.0. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has initiated a Centre of Excellence on Additive Manufacturing at Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Pune in collaboration with Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET), Bhubaneswar. The objectives of the centre are to support Indian Additive Manufacturing Eco-system through focused and coordinated research, design and development in collaboration with 3 participating industries. The centre is expected to achieve self-sustenance and focus on developing indigenous materials and machine technologies for electronics manufacturing sector. In current phase of the project, 4 technologies with 4 different machines, 13 materials and 4 different electronics application products are slated to be developed. The project is also bringing opportunities for Indian companies to develop their own AM material and machine technologies for global market at much reduced R&D cost for any sector (not limited to electronics) such as aerospace, medical, automotive etc. The centre is also going to train manpower to support growth of AM economy in India.
- Centre for Programmable Photonic Integrated Circuit and Systems (CPPICS): Field programmable photonic gate array (FPPGA) core technology is a multipurpose photonic processor platform which can cater to multiple sectors with multiple applications such as quantum computing, quantum communication, 5G/6G communications, IoT, radar and avionics etc. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has initiated a Centre for Programmable Photonic Integrated Circuit and Systems (CPPICS) at IIT Madras in collaboration with industry to design, manufacture and develop applications based on FPPGA cores using Silicon Photonics. The centre is slated to become self-sufficient in 5 years time, commercialize the products through Start-up and train manpower to boost the eco-system of such manufacturing. The centre is collaborating with M/s Si2 Microsystems, Bangalore for System-in-Package solutions for the proposed silicon photonics FPPGA cores which will create commercially viable products for proposed start-up.
- CoE on products based on Li-ion (Post Cell): Lack of design capability in Indian mobile handset and accessories manufacturing severely hampers domestic companies to introduce new models, customize features for the customers which leaves the market wide open to competitors having this coveted ability. India is also losing valuable foreign exchange to international design hubs in other countries. Thus for long term success of Indian electronics manufacturing, research and innovation supporting design centre needs to be based in India. The setting of industrial parks, creation of eco-system for electronic industries may be the only solution to reduce the import dependency. To make India self-reliant and Aatma Nirbhar in this sector, a Centre of Excellence (CoE) on Post-cell value chain for power bank technology is proposed to be set up at C-DAC Noida with the requisite infrastructure, equipment, R&D facilities etc. The CoE is expected to seed a design hub for SMEs in the power bank industry and other Indian mobile handset and accessories eco-system products based on Li-ion cells, leading to reduced foreign exchange outgo and employment generation.
- CoE on Additive Manufacturing- Medical Device Sector Additive Manufacturing (AM) is disruptive set of technologies which are bringing fundamental change in how manufacturing is carried out in many sectors due to its ability for mass customization. AM is enabler for digital manufacturing which has capability in producing products directly from design data by adding layers of material to obtain the final shape with minimal waste, supporting Industry 4.0. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has initiated a Centre of Excellence on Additive Manufacturing at Andhra Pradesh MedTech Zone, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh which will support Medical Device Sector. The vision of the centre is to make COE at AMTZ a hub (common facility for local AM industry which will offset disabilities for competing with global peers) for medical device innovation in India by nurturing various medical device start-ups through Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology. Through this centre sustainable long-term ecosystem will be provided to start-ups and industries which will enable medical device innovation in India; build skill-sets in the AM industry, in particular AM in the medical industry to achieve competitive advantages in the global market; promote creation of Indian IPR & facilitate IPR filing activity and offer industry, academia, global linkages to provide market access to the incubated products.
- National Centre on Additive Manufacturing (NCAM) - Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has prepared a strategy paper entitled “National Strategy on Additive manufacturing (AM)” [under final approval] for promoting various verticals of the AM sector, including machines, materials, software and designs to leverage the untapped business opportunities that will unfold in the near future. The strategy aims at promoting the creation of a conducive ecosystem for design, development and deployment, and to overcome technical and economic barriers for local manufacturers to seamlessly adopt Additive Manufacturing. This is also expected to facilitate the creation of a support base of domestic manufacturers for setting up operations with supporting ancillaries in India by foreign companies as well as Global AM leaders. The draft strategy on AM identified the need to establish a National Additive Manufacturing Centre to spearhead the National Initiative for positioning India at the forefront of development and adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technologies. The “National Centre for Additive Manufacturing (NCAM)” has been initiated with Telangana State Government at Hyderabad. The centre will be a section 8 company and will nurture the growth and development of AM in the country. The vision of NCAM is to create and enable a sustainable ecosystem for product innovation in India with emphasis on research, design, development, and testing through collaborative efforts between academia, industry and government using the disruptive technology of Additive Manufacturing.
To achieve its mandate of developing the local ecosystem, the responsibilities of NCAM is broadly captured in the following five pillars: